India had released the Data Protection Bill in 2018 which states that the user’s data or personal information can’t be shared or processed without the user’s explicit consent. The Bill caused a state of agitation in India in the past few days. The adoption of blockchain technology may be the answer to ensuring data security in India. However, blockchain adoption in India has proven to be a difficult task.
Advocates Ashraya Rao and Shivam Arora discussed the role of blockchain technology and the related restrictions it can bring in fair and reasonable processing, in addition to localization of personal data, privacy, transparency, and security safeguards.
They wrote in an opinion piece for ET. Both Rao and Arora are Associates at Khaitan & Co, a leading law firm in India, that blockchain shouldn’t pose any additional challenges if the data is stored on blockchain network. A permission-based blockchain network will ensure anonymity of the participant and can have a built-in consent mechanism.
The Supreme People’s Court of China had legalized blockchain to authenticate evidence in legal disputes around the time when someone disclosed the soldiers on the Indian defense ministry’s pay online as a result of personal data leak. This legalization was also around the time when the Aadhaar software was hacked, providing unauthorized users for generating Aadhaar numbers at will.
The Supreme People’s Court of China has released new rules with immediate effect, providing better clarity to Internet courts in China about how they should review legal disputes.
If the party can prove the legitimacy of the blockchain technology being used in the process, then the Internet courts in China will recognize the legality of blockchain as a method for storing and authenticating digital evidence, as stated by a part of the new rule.
West Bengal to utilize the blockchain for issuing birth certificates
Lynked.World is a platform built upon Blockchain Technology, based at the Netherlands and founded by Arun Kumar who is also the company’s CEO. The municipal corporations of Bankura and Durgapur districts in West Bengal have partnered with them to build a blockchain-based platform for issuing legal documents such as birth certificates.
The founder and CEO of Lynked.World mentioned that the company expects to process 1 million birth certificates by the end of 2018. The citizens can apply using the native token of the platform, the LYNK token.
Issuing authorities will digitally authenticate the birth certificates and other certificates, storing the acquired data on the blockchain. This blockchain will facilitate the verification of documents by any third party organization to whom owners provide access.
Delhi municipality to use blockchain and geotagging for monitoring the growth of saplings
The New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) planted 10,000 tree saplings on September 6, 2018. The saplings were of neem, peepal, jamun, tamarind, etc. They plan on using blockchain technology and geotagging to monitor the growth and maintenance of the plants.
More than 33,895 shrubs, 10,000 saplings, 377,650 ground cover plants, and about 23 palm trees were planted across the 14 circles of the corporation, according to the NDMC.
NDMC chairman, Naresh Kumar, mentioned that people must authenticate their credentials to enter the blockchain platform. They also have the option to adopt a plant and take over the responsibility for its upkeep. An advantage of joining the platform is that the user can monitor the progress of the plants on a real-time basis.
Chhattisgarh: Blockchain for e-Governance Grand Challenge
A nodal agency of the Chhattisgarh government, Chhattisgarh Infotech Promotion Society (CHiPS), organized ‘Chhattisgarh: Blockchain for e-Governance Grand Challenge’ recently. The challenge offers the winner cash prizes worth US$ 20,000 in addition to the opportunity to conduct a pilot project in departments such as data exchange, land records, health, and others.
21 blockchain startups were participating in the challenge. The winner among them was a Delhi- and London-based blockchain startup, GovBlocks, in ‘Data Exchange Framework’ category. They won a cash prize of US$ 7,000. Medi Chain won in the ‘E-health Record’ category; Smile Bots won in the ‘Land Record’ category and Trin Top in the ‘Open Challenge’ category.
Twitter’s plan on utilizing blockchain
The co-founder and CEO of Twitter, Jack Patrick Dorsey, announced that Twitter is exploring blockchain solutions for its platform during a US congressional committee hearing. Increasing user privacy security, eliminating misinformation, and content moderation against social media hotheads were the chief concerns of the House committee on the Energy and Commerce vertical.
Dorsey mentioned that they haven’t yet delved as thick as they’d like in understanding with the application blockchain technology to the problems they are facing at Twitter. They do, however, have people within the company thinking about it today.
He responded to a question from California representative, Doris Matsui, stating their previous interest in the broad applications of blockchain technology. This included an effort to fight misinformation and scams by verifying their identity.
Chinese Government to upgrade its current charity tracking system using the blockchain
A government agency in charge of social services in China announced that they are adopting a blockchain-based charity tracking system. This is meant as an upgrade of their current system, aimed at bringing transparency into public donations. The government announced it at a time when China’s charity activities created fresh controversies after online scandals in recent years.
This development took effect after the recently released action plan for 2018–2022 by China’s civil affairs ministry. This plan summarized several areas where Internet technologies can be used to improve the transparency of social service activities.
Their plans to upgrade their current charity tracking system is expected to happen by the end of 2018. They plan to complete the project by 2020.
The ministry notified that integrating the blockchain network into the existing government charity databases at all levels will bring transparency in the online donation services operated by the private sector, allowing faster visibility of charitable donations to the public.
Zhongshan to track convicts on parole using the blockchain
The Chinese city of Zhongshan has developed a blockchain-based platform to track convicts on parole. The goal is to provide up-to-date data on every movement of convicts.
A local media company reported that Zhongshan justice department mentioned launching a blockchain-based system that can monitor the movements of their ex-convicts to improve the quality of so-called ‘community correction.’
The Justice department deployed the technology across various community service centers. The convicts on parole are required to check in and complete their daily duties there.
Hu-manity.co launches #My31 android-blockchain app
Hu-manity.Co is a company founded by Richie Etwaru and Michael DePalma. Both of them are also the CEO of the company, and Michael DePalma is also the company’s president.
This company is responsible for the 31st human right which allows the user’s data to be their property. It inspects the issues relating to data and its uses in the context of property ownership.
They launched an Android app called #My31 was built to the blockchain platform of IBM company. The app’s name implies the idea that the legal ownership of the user’s data should be a 31st human right apart from the 30 already ratified by the United Nations.
The organization’s website states: “Hu-manity.co has developed a proprietary technology that identifies existing legal corridors in privacy regulations and has designed new intelligent contracts on blockchains, which humans can use to negotiate new terms of consent and authorization with corporations so that inherent human data can be respected as legal property.”
According to the app store, #My31 allows their users to have full control over their data usage. They can either share it with a single company, maximize its potential or not share anything with anyone. The app updates their users where, how, and if any third parties and companies are using their data.